N. 11 (2018)

N. 11 (2018)

Table of Contents

In Memoriam

Josep Fontana, 1

Researches and essays

The 1st of May in Catalonia. The Eight Hours and the International Day of Work, 3-27

Maria Rodríguez

Calm before the storm? The process of de-liberalization in Spain in the first third of the 20th century. Approach to the roots of a European phenomenon, 29-49

Joan Pubill Brugués

The Frase Quincenal in the Documentary Center of Historical Memory: propaganda and ideology during the Franco’s dictatorship, 51-65

José Hernández Luis

Spanish emigration to Europe through cinema: between reality and fiction, 67-89

Marta Piñol Lloret

The showdown of 1976. Tarragona mobilizations on the Spanish context, 91-118

Cristian Ferrer González

Debates and dialogues

Visions on economics, politics and science in Franco’s regime, 121-189

Carlos Barciela, Lino Camprubí

Dialogues on the History of Contemporary Spain, 190-212

José Álvarez Junco, Adrian Shubert

Reviews and lecture notes, 213-290

Abstracts and Keywords

The 1st of May in Catalonia. The Eight Hours and the International Day of Work

Maria Rodríguez

The First of May was approved by an International Workers Congress, which aim was a global public affirmation of workers as workers, without distinctions nor ideologies or nationals. For this purpose, it was decided to present the same reclamation: an international labour legislation with the eight hours as a leitmotiv. But there were differences within working class movement and with workers and the society around them. All this shape the history of the worker’s movement and the First of May.

First of May; working class; associations; Marxist Socialism; Anarchism; eight hours day; general strike; claiming movement; 19th Century; 20th Century

Calm before the storm? The process of de-liberalization in Spain in the first third of the 20th century. Approach to the roots of a European phenomenon

Joan Pubill Brugués

The aim of this paper is to explore the spirit of violence that preceded the crisis of 1930s from a transnational approach. With this aim, the paper seeks to highlight the subversive explicit and inexplicit manners against the liberal State that existed in the first half of the 20th century, examining the lerrouxist populism, the lockout organized by the Catalan federation of the Employers’ organization in 1919 and the social struggles known as gunmanism. The analysis proposes to examine the formation of a non-conformist political culture through the process of deliberalization of some members of the right-wing political space, a proposal that could help in the comprehension of the origins of the counterrevolution in Spain.

Spanish nationalism; violence; counterrevolution; political cultures; deliberalization

The Frase Quincenal in the Documentary Center of Historical Memory: propaganda and ideology during the Franco’s dictatorship

José Hernández Luis

Between 1940 and 1951 the Provincial Delegation of Popular Education of FET y de las JONS in Barcelona published La Frase Quincenal (The Fornightly Sentence), a series of posters that contain slogans and allusive graphic motifs. Eighty-four copies are currently kept in the Documentation Centre of Historical Memory (Salamanca), three of them previously unpublished, which show us the basic ideological features of the Franco regime and the changes experienced by the propaganda as a result of international developments. This article describes this fond, as well as outlining its historiographic potential.

Franco Regime; Ideology; Propaganda; Posters

Spanish emigration to Europe through cinema: between reality and fiction

Marta Piñol Lloret

The cinematographic documents provide important information about the Spanish economic emigration towards Europe that took place between the fifties and the seventies. Therefore, it is relevant to study how the Spanish cinema produced at that time reflected this issue, considering the role played by the censorship and how the films were received by the emigrated community itself. Also, it is very valuable to compare the image that it offers with that proposed by dissenting films made outside the industry and the representations that gave the various cinematographies of the countries that hosted them.

Cinema and Ideology; Audiovisual representations; Spanish emigration; Spanish Cinema; European Cinema

The showdown of 1976. Tarragona mobilizations on the Spanish context

Cristian Ferrer González

After Franco’s death on November 1975 la most mobilized part of the opposition struggled to break with his political regime, which seek for its survive beyond the dictator’s life. Social and political conflicts, which became the preferred model to defy the regime, achieved a huge intensity in the main industrial and urban regions of Spain. Along the dictatorship, the province of Tarragona was secondary in terms of social mobilization. Although, political opportunities generated by the conflictive context stablished the conditions for a general strike in the local level. The attempt was a failure on its terms but it supposed the highest peak of mobilization in the city during the dictatorship. Its political consequences became obvious when three city councilors resigned and the Civil Governor was dismissed. The conflict hardness was only exceeded by and unprecedented police violence, which clearly conditioned the far-reaching political showdown against the Francoism on 1976.

Anti-Francoism, general strike; democratic breakdown; labour movement